Terminologies

  • Abrasion – Removal of tooth structure due to rubbing and scraping (e.g. incorrect brushing method)
  • Abscess – A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection.
  • Abutment – A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture.
  • Amalgam – A silver filling material.
  • Anesthetic – An agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling.
  • Anterior – The front position.
  • Apex – The end of the root.
  • Asepsis – No micro-organism.
  • Attrition – Wear of teeth due to activities such as chewing.
  • Bitewing – A kind of dental x-ray which is taken with the teeth bite together. The main function of this kind of x-ray is to detect cavity in between teeth and height of bone support.
  • Bleaching – Whitening of teeth.
  • Bridge – A prosthesis which is fixed inside the mouth to replace missing teeth.
  • Bruxism – Teeth grinding.
  • Canine – The third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There are totally 4 of them. They are the longest teeth in human.
  • Caries – Tooth decay.
  • Cavity – A hole on the tooth.
  • Crown – A crown is almost like a “cap” on a tooth. It covers the tooth partially or totally above the gum to restore its function and outlook. It can be porcelain, plastic, or metal.
  • Decay – The third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There are totally 4 of them. They are the longest teeth in human.
  • Dentistry – A branch of medicine that involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concern about teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures.
  • Desensitization – A procedure to reduce the sensitivity of teeth.
  • Diastema – The space in between two adjacent teeth.
  • Edentulous – No teeth.
  • Endodontics – A department of dentistry involves diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental pulp (where the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth).
  • Eruption – The process of the tooth appearing in the mouth.
  • Excision – The action of cutting something off.
  • Filling – A restoration places on a tooth to restore its function and appearance.
  • Floss – A thread/tape goes in between teeth for cleaning.
  • Fluoride – A compound of fluorine (an element) which be put in different forms such as water, gels, rinses to strengthen up teeth.
  • Gingivitis – The mildest form of gum disease: inflammation of gum. The earliest sign is bleeding gum.
  • Hemorrhage – A restoration places on a tooth to restore its function and appearance.
  • Homeostasis – A thread/tape goes in between teeth for cleaning.
  • Impaction – A condition that a tooth is not able to come in normally or stuck underneath another tooth or bone.
  • Implant – A device (usually “screw-like”) put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, a denture or a bridge.
  • Inlay – A restoration (usually is gold, composite or ceremics) fabricated in the lab cements on tooth like a missing puzzle. It helps to restore the normal function and outlook of the tooth.
  • Lingual – The side of the tooth towards the tongue.
  • Mesial – The side of the tooth towards the middle of the jaw.
  • Molar – The last 3 upper and lower teeth on both side of the mouth.
  • Mouthguard – A device to be worn in the mouth. Depends on the design of it, it prevents injury on teeth and/or jaw during teeth grinding or sport events.
  • Nightguard – A mouthguard which is worn at night time.
  • Occlusal – The biting surface of the back teeth.
  • Occlusion – The way how the upper and lower teeth close together.
  • Onlay – A restoration covers the entire biting surface of a tooth.
  • Orthodontics – A special field in dentistry which involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bite abnormalities or facial irregularities.
  • Palate – The roof of the mouth.
  • Posterior – Locate at the back.
  • Premolar – The two teeth located in front of the molar.
  • Prosthodontics – A specialty of dentistry involves diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of artificial parts to replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
  • Pulp – The inner most part of a tooth. It contains nerves and blood vessels inside a tooth.
  • Restoration – An item a dentist uses to restore the normal function of a tooth or an area in the mouth. It can be a filling, a crown, a bridge, etc.
  • Retainer – A device used for maintaining the position of teeth in the jaw in orthodontic treatment.
    Retreatment – The process of repeating the root canal treatment.
  • Root – The bottom part of tooth. It anchors the tooth to its supporting units.
  • Root canal – The canal that runs inside the root of the tooth. It contains the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth.
  • Scaling – The action of cleaning of teeth below the gumline.
  • Sealant – A thin layer of plastic-like material covers the grooves and pits on a tooth to prevent cavity.
  • Splint – An appliance or a material to prevent movement of a mobile part.
  • Torus – An outgrowth on bone. It usually develops on the roof of the mouth or around the premolar area on the lower jaw.
  • Veneer – A layer of tooth-colored material (can be porcelain, composite, or ceramics) attaches to the front of the tooth. It is usually for better outlook of the tooth.
  • Wisdom tooth – The eighth (also the last tooth) tooth from the middle of the jaw.
  • Xerostomia – Dry mouth

Comments are closed.